Crab Nebula is a Plasmoid Collapse which remains active
There are 2 images, first is in optical; second is in X-ray.
Crab Nebula ( or Messier 1 or M1) is a well known supernova remnant.
The Chinese recorded this explosive event in the year 1054.
One could expect all that remains after over 1000 years is only cold debris.
On the contrary the debris is quite active electrically.
When looking at the visual image of M1, the first impression of what is claimed to be a dust cloud is:
This is definitely not from an explosion in space!
In space, an explosion puts debris in motion and the vacuum cannot slow it down.
Either the debris should be gone or very dispersed.
This image is just wrong for what should be there after 1000 years.
With a second impression, many filaments are clearly visible. Uncharged dust particles could clump by gravity.
Many filaments have formed so clearly this cloud is plasma.
The inner filaments are brighter. This supposed dust cloud is electrically active.
The outer edges of the cloud are not well defined but the cloud has a defined extent where the cloud roughly ends.
This cloud has structure and is not debris from an explosion
The second image is from Chandra Observatory in X-ray. Everything in X-ray is synchrotron radiation.
x-rays are very high frequency electromagnetic radiation but they have a simple well known mechanism.
Here is a short quote from the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility web site:
The entire world of synchrotron science depends on one physical phenomenon: When a moving electron changes direction, it emits energy. When the electron is moving fast enough, the emitted energy is at X-ray wavelength.
In a synchrotron, a controlled magnetic field changes the current's direction resulting in electromagnetic radiation.
One very striking feature in the X-ray image of M1 is a bright ring. There is a sphere at its center.
This ring does not belong here after an explosion. The ring even has beads! This must be a luminous plasma filament where the plasma flow in the filament is confined by its magnetic field.
The object at the center of the ring is also interesting with an apparent jet of material that begins roughly perpendicular to the ring and continues below into a less organized cloud which is very bright in X-ray.
The jet along the object's axis suggests this central object is a plasmoid which has opposing jets and was imaged at the core of the galaxy M87.
There is a possible second filamentary ring outside the inner ring. The outer ring is more defined where below the core but less defined to the right. To the upper right is an active cloud where it could be the result of a jet in the opposite direction from the other jet.
The core of M1 is clearly a plasmoid.
One conjecture is the 1054 supernova was a collapse of the plasmoid and several rings were generated as a result.
Crab Nebula was in the news in June.
The story's headline in Science News on June 24, 2019 was:
The highest-energy photons ever seen hail from the Crab Nebula
The news story is sensational proposing shock waves as the cause but the bottom line is the photon was a very short wavelength of electromagnetic radiation in the extreme gamma ray range.
There is important background needed for this news story and this plasmoid.
excerpt from Wikipedia:
The crab nebula is in the Perseus Arm of the Milky Way galaxy, at a distance of 6,500 light-years from Earth. It has a diameter of 11 light-years and is expanding at a rate of about 1,500 kilometres per second or 0.5% of the speed of light.
This velocity is obtained from the spectrum of the plasma filaments. That measurement is not necessarily the velocity of this 'dust cloud.'
At the center of the nebula lies the Crab Pulsar, a neutron star with a spin rate of 30 times per second, which emits pulses of radiation from gamma rays to radio waves. At X-ray and gamma ray energies above 30 keV, the Crab Nebula is generally the brightest persistent source in the sky, with measured flux extending to above 10 TeV.
There is a dramatic change from 10 to 100 trillion electron volts with a factor of 10 but the story omits that history, by just providing a huge number.
Every pulsar is known to be a plasmoid, in EU. Neutron stars don't exist.
This particular plasmoid residing in the Perseus arm is able to draw on an energy source from its vicinity to increase its typical radiation by a factor of 10. Even when at 'rest' at 10 Tev this plasmoid is energetic.
Astronomers lack a long history of gamma ray observations so it is impossible to know the significance of the June energy burst.
Astronomers are apparently not reacting to this activity in the crab nebula which should be impossible after a catastrophic explosion.
Apparently a supernova is not what it is claimed to be.
Hannes Alfven had observed extreme electrical events which suggested the same could happen as astrophysical events.
The Crab Nebula suggests that explanation as well.
Hit back to go to previous page in history.
Here is the list of topics in this Cosmology Topic Group .
Ctrl + for zoom in; Ctrl - for zoom out ; Ctrl 0 for no zoom;
triple-tap for zoom to fit; pinch for zoom change; pinched for no zoom