New Cosmological Model
The current cosmological model is rooted in wrong assumptions, provides wrong solutions with dark entities, and needs to be replaced.
This is the current model which is misdirected:
The Lambda-CDM model (Lambda cold dark matter) is a parametrization of the Big Bang cosmological model in which the universe contains three major components: first, a cosmological constant denoted by Lambda (a Greek letter) and associated with dark energy; second, the postulated cold dark matter (abbreviated CDM); and third, ordinary matter. It is frequently referred to as the standard model of Big Bang cosmology because it is the simplest model that provides a reasonably good account of the following properties of the cosmos:
the existence and structure of the cosmic microwave background
the large-scale structure in the distribution of galaxies
the abundances of hydrogen (including deuterium), helium, and lithium
the accelerating expansion of the universe observed in the light from distant galaxies and supernovae
The model assumes that general relativity is the correct theory of gravity on cosmological scales. It emerged in the late 1990s as a concordance cosmology, after a period of time when disparate observed properties of the universe appeared mutually inconsistent, and there was no consensus on the makeup of the energy density of the universe.
The Lambda-CDM model can be extended by adding cosmological inflation, quintessence and other elements that are current areas of speculation and research in cosmology.
The standard model is not a 'reasonably good account of the cosmos.'
It has not solved 'current areas of speculation.'
In These are the significant fundamental errors in the basis for this standard model:
a) no CMB
b) wrong interpretation of the large-scale structure in the universe
c) wrong interpretation of the structure of galaxies
d) wrong interpretation of cosmological inflation and expansion
e) wrong interpretation of the energy density of the universe.
f) wrong assumption of a big bang
Following are descriptions for (a) to (f)
Standard model assumes CMB indicates something about the structure of the universe.
It does not. The observed CMB is noise from the Earth's oceans at that radio frequency. To use the CMB for anything is immediately worthless.
There is no 'structure' in this noise.
In youtube search for: 'robitaille eu2014' for that analysis.
The new model ignores the CMB.
b) large-scale structure in the universe
The model expects to base its structure on a red shift in a galaxy spectrum, to get its relative motion. This value does not provide that.
These false velocities are used to describe the motions of all the galaxies and so an apparent structure.
In the 1930s the red shift of the hydrogen atom absorption line for a galaxy was found to be related to distance for the distant galaxy (not a star or anything else nearer, like within the Milky Way).
The red shift from this absorption line is not the velocity of the object behind this absorption.
To use this value as a velocity is an immediate mistake. The result is a wrong velocity for that object.
A similar error occurs with the hydrogen emission line in a quasar spectrum. The red shift from this atom's emission line is not the velocity of the quasar.
The result of these mistakes is all the galaxies and quasars have a wrong velocity.
These false values cannot correctly describe any structure in the universe.
The new model will not confuse red shifts in this manner.
The structure of the universe is found in other ways. For example X-ray emissions often reveal filaments between galaxies; these are not always visible in light. X-rays can also reveal a plasmoid at the core of a galaxy but that is not always visible.
c) structure of galaxies
Stars are assumed to follow an elliptical orbit in a spiral galaxy. They do not. Our Sun is known to have a disturbed orbit that is not an ellipse.
Basing the standard model on this assumption of a predictable orbit is a mistake. The stars at the edges of a spiral galaxy do not follow their predicted elliptical orbit.
It is literally impossible to accurately model, down to individual stars, the simultaneous motion of roughly a billion stars in a galaxy. The standard model assumes this can be done.
The failure of this model's prediction results in dark matter as the excuse. Dark matter is claimed to disturb the predicted orbit.
This is an unverifiable claim.
The new model has no 'cold dark matter' to excuse a failure in the model.
d) cosmological inflation and expansion
The claimed expansion (and its inflation) does not exist.
The mistake noted in (b) above results in the wrong conclusion all galaxies are moving away from Earth, many with an extreme velocity, even faster than light.
The new model avoids this mistake.
e) energy density of the universe.
The mistake noted in (b) above results in the wrong conclusion all galaxies are moving away from Earth.
There is no possible explanation for that combination (velocity and direction) in the visible sources of gravity.
Dark energy is claimed to cause these motions There is no available explanation for the observed layout of galaxies in clusters and for their recession, nor is there one for the layout of the numerous clusters and filaments between clusters.
Dark energy is claimed to cause these unexplainable motions and positions.
This is an unverifiable claim.
The new model cannot excuse a lack of understanding critical details by invoking something dark.
There is no perceived energy density.
There is no cosmological constant (usually denoted by the Greek capital letter lambda) claimed to be the energy density of space.
f) big bang
The consequence of the above mistakes is all the galaxies are assumed moving away from Earth.
When everything is apparently zooming away from you, one might conclude there was an ancient catastrophic explosion to launch everything in this pattern.
This event is the claimed big bang.
Oddly it is quickly apparent the observed pattern does not match this claim.
The fastest objects should be near the source of the explosion, the one-time 'force' for their acceleration. The opposite is observed with velocities increasing with distance from Earth.
The standard model claims to explain this discrepancy with dark energy, the pervasive invisible 'force' that explains all unexplained motions.
The standard model is not credible for many reasons, more than the few above.
There is no CMB, claimed as evidence of the standard model big bang's initial sequence.
The new model has no big bang.
The new model takes advantage of the previous work by notable plasma physicists Hannes Alfven (1970 Nobel Prize) and Anthony Peratt.
After winning the Nobel Prize for his works in magnetohydrodynamics, he emphasized that:
In order to understand the phenomena in a certain plasma region, it is necessary to map not only the magnetic but also the electric field and the electric currents. Space is filled with a network of currents which transfer energy and momentum over large or very large distances. The currents often pinch to filamentary or surface currents. The latter are likely to give space, as also interstellar and intergalactic space, a cellular structure.
The standard model ignores his work.
The new model should be named without 'CDM' as it uses 'ordinary matter' and perhaps with 'logical' instead of 'lambda' to dispense with a reliance on theoretical math and its 'postulated' dark entities.
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